E3S Web Conf.
Volume 135, 2019Innovative Technologies in Environmental Science and Education (ITESE-2019)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Green Architecture and Sustainable Urban Design|
|Published online||04 December 2019|
High performance ceramic stones on the basis of by-products of waste heaps - screenings and coal slurry
Don State Technical University, 344002, 1, pl. Gagarina, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
General description of coal dumps products processing is described: medium factional materials - screenings that do not contain carbon; kiln fractional - coal sand, coal containing up to 30%; petty factional - coal slurries, coal containing up to 50% are given. Ceramic kilns and technological properties of processing coal dumps products are given. Compositions of raw mixtures for obtaining products with a compressive strength of 10-15 MPa and density less than 800 kg / m3, and considering the fact that the molding process is carried out semi-rigid extrusion and the necessity of minimum costs for firing is defined. Depending on the technological properties of screenings, depending on the degree of grinding and firing temperature is taken into account. Flow production of modern equipment is pointed out. Technical and economic indicators showing high profitability and the prospect of large-scale production of clay tiles on the basis of coal dumps processing products due to minimal manufacturing cost are mentioned. The carried out results of the work allowed to choose the raw materials and to develop the technological scheme of production of high-performance ceramic stones with a minimum cost. Implementation of the results in practice will create a highly profitable production and make the Rostov region a major manufacturer of ceramic wall.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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