E3S Web Conf.
Volume 140, 2019International Scientific Conference on Energy, Environmental and Construction Engineering (EECE-2019)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||18 December 2019|
Damage areas during emergency depressurization of a gas pipeline
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering, Zelenaya Ulitsa, 1, Kazan, Tatarstan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Main gas pipelines are classified as energetically stressed objects. With an increase in their service life, there appears a need to model emergency breaks and analyze the distribution of the damaging factors of the accident. The main gas pipelines often run near residential areas and cross various communications, therefore possible accidents with gas emissions and damaging factors can negatively affect both the environment and the population. An emergency rupture of a gas pipeline section is numerically modeled in this article. The calculations of intensity of accidental gas emissions outflow and distribution of the accident damaging (the length of the methane jet in unlimited airspace, the range and height of the scattering of the soil and pipe fragments were found). The parameters of free jets of exhaust gas were determined. Such calculation is required during investigation of accidents and development of documents related to the environmentally safe operation of pipeline transport. In case of gas non-ignition, it disperses in the atmosphere with the formation of gas zones. The study of the influence of velocity, density and pressure on the emergency gas emission allows us to determine possible gas contamination zones. Graphs of distribution of static and total pressure over the ejection height, distribution of velocities along the axis of the ejected jet and along the axis of the pipeline were obtained. The ability to evaluate the parameters of free jet flow of natural gas (methane) from a damaged pipeline: the total flow rate, total pressure and flow rate at the rupture point is relevant in solving applied environmental safety problems of gas transportation facilities.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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