E3S Web Conf.
Volume 148, 2020The 6th Environmental Technology and Management Conference (ETMC) in conjunction with The 12th AUN/SEED-Net Regional Conference on Environmental Engineering (RC EnvE) 2019
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation|
|Published online||05 February 2020|
Flood mapping under an extreme event in a large shallow lake influenced by flood pulse in Southeast Asia
1 Department of Transdisciplinary Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
2 Water and Environment Unit, Research and Innovation Center, Institute of Technology of Cambodia, Cambodia
3 Faculty of Chemical and Food Engineering, Institute of Technology of Cambodia, Cambodia
4 Faculty of Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering, Institute of Technology of Cambodia, Cambodia
5 Faculty of Agriculture, Yamagata University, Japan
6 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tonle Sap Lake (TSL) in Cambodia is the largest shallow lake in Southeast Asia. Influenced by flood pulse system of the Mekong River, TSL provides diverse benefits including ecosystem services, ecological functioning, and flood water storage in the floodplains. However, extreme events (e.g., flooding) due to rising water level caused by dam break and/or heavy rainfall in the Mekong River Basin could threaten the ecosystems of the lake, community health and economic growth in the region. Flood mapping under such extreme event could be informative in the flood risk and emergency management. In this study, we aim to develop a flood risk boundary map in TSL using an existing 2D hydrodynamic model (Caesar-Lisflood, CL) with rising water levels estimated by Gumbel distribution. As a result, the extreme water level of 1% chance (or 100-year flood return period) exceeding the annual maximum water level at Prek Kdam station was approximately 11.38 m resulting in the largest inundation area of 15193 km2. Overall, the employed method and flood risk mapping are useful for the decision makers to manage flood risks and emergency in the lake. This is to anticipate the consequences of a possible rising water level by an extreme event.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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