E3S Web Conf.
Volume 150, 2020The Seventh International Congress “Water, Waste and Environment” (EDE7-2019)
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Section||Geosciences and Environmental Culture|
|Published online||12 February 2020|
Assessment of the risk of soil erosion using RUSLE method and SWAT model at the M’dez Watershed, Middle Atlas, Morocco
1 Water Science and Environmental Engineering Team, Laboratory of Geoengineering and Environment, Department of Geology, Facul ty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, BP 11201, Zitoune Meknes, Morocco.
2 National Office of Electricity and Drinking Water -Water Branch-, Meknes, Moroco.
3 Department of Geography, Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, B.P. 11202, Zitoune, Meknes, Morocco.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The preservation of soil resources is a primary global concern and a permanent challenge for all Mediterranean countries. In Morocco, the capacity of dam reservoirs continues to decline from one year to the next due to the rate of siltation, mainly due to the phenomenon of water erosion. Indeed, the origins of this erosion are generally related to land use planning, deforestation, agricultural practices and low vegetation cover. However, it is imperative to quantify soil erosion and its spatial distribution to achieve sustainable land use and governance of this resource. The SWAT hydro-agricultural model and the integrated RUSLE model were used to assess soil losses and characterize the degraded areas of the M’dez watershed, located in the upper Sebou, north of the Middle Atlas, and extend on an area of 3350 km2. The results obtained during this work show that the average soil losses estimated by the two models are consistent. For the SWAT model, the specific degradation of the watershed is estimated at 3.95 t/ha/year, whereas for the RUSLE model, the average loss of the basin is estimated at 2.94 t/ha/year). However, the use of these two models (SWAT and RUSLE), for the assessment and characterization of degraded areas at the level of Moroccan watersheds, has become a much sought-after approach for good soil conservation management.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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