E3S Web Conf.
Volume 159, 2020The 1st International Conference on Business Technology for a Sustainable Environmental System (BTSES-2020)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Chapter 1: Global Environmental Change and Environmental Management|
|Published online||24 March 2020|
The peculiarities of bronchopulmonary system under the influence of adverse ecological factors
Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, al-Farabi Ave. 71, 050040 Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
2 Khoja Akhmet Yassawi International Kazakh-Turkish University, B.Sattarkhanov Ave., 29, 161200 Turkestan, Republic of Kazakhstan
* Corresponding author: Zhanna.Abdrassulova@kaznu.kz
This research gives an insight into the problem of atmospheric pollution composition and morbidity that affects the overall well-being and health state of children of Ust-Kamenogorsk. The work shows that age specific features of the respiratory system are characterized by increase in lung volume and bronchial patency trees. The specific methodology assisted to determine the increase in the patency of large and medium bronchi occurs more dynamic in boys than in girls. The bronchial obstruction was assessed by the methods of pneumotachometry with the help of “PneuMedics” (USA) device. The environmental factors of Ust-Kamenogorsk affect the state of the cardiorespiratory system of children, so level of contamination place of residence highly affects the general health state of the children at different age categories and anthropometric measurements. One of the important results was that children with growth and weight coefficient who have higher than the average value are characterized by a decrease of functional reserves of the bronchopulmonary system, and children with the coefficient lower than average, on the contrary, are characterized by decrease in the cardiovascular system.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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