E3S Web Conf.
Volume 161, 2020International Conference on Efficient Production and Processing (ICEPP-2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||15 April 2020|
Calculation of optimal flow of ionite during water treatment in the column of continuous action
Volgograd State Technical University, 28 Lenin Street, Volgograd, 400005, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In the article an algorithm for calculating the continuous ion exchange column is proposed. By analogy with the calculation of the optimal phlegm number of the rectification column this algorithm takes into consideration depreciation charges for capital costs associated with the size of the column and working capital associated with the consumption of ionite and its regeneration. This algorithm can be used to calculate depreciation charges for capital costs related to column sizes and working capital regarded to ionite consumption and regeneration. Examples of ionite consumption calculation at typical and proposed algorithms of calculation and technological and geometric parameters used in column of water purification from sodium cations are given. Thus, in a typical calculation, when the water being purified from sodium cations moves in the ideal displacement mode and the excess of ionite is 1% of its minimum consumption. The optimal ionite consumption corresponding to the minimum of capital costs and working capital, which requires an increase in the ionite consumption by 5.6% of its minimum consumption. In this case the cost of ion exchange increases by 4.5%. It confirms the recommendations for industrial operation and design of ion exchange columns and increases the minimum ionite consumption by 1÷10%. The continuous ion exchange column was calculated including the longitudinal diffusion. Necessity of the further increase of the ionite consumption with regard to the longitudinal diffusion is shown. In the article an example of the ion exchange process calculation in comparison with the typical one, when the displacement mode for the treated water is ideal, is given. Similar equations for the dependences of the concentration of extracted ions in the purified solution and ionite granules are proposed if the equilibrium dependence is described by a linear equation. The working line is dependent on the concentration of the extracted ions in an ionite and on their concentration in the purified water, first, because of a jump in concentration at the inlet and a concave shape of the working line (the latter is usually a straight one in case of the mass-transfer processes) reduces the local and average driving forces of mass-transfer process significantly. It leads to increasing of the moving layer height of the ion exchanger in the column 2 times, and can lead to crossing the line of equilibrium by reducing the concentration jump at the entrance. Consequently, it is necessary to increase ionite consumption by more than 18% compared to its minimum consumption.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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