E3S Web Conf.
Volume 163, 2020IV Vinogradov Conference “Hydrology: from Learning to Worldview” in Memory of Outstanding Russian Hydrologist Yury Vinogradov
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Mathematical Modeling in Hydrology: Problems, Achievements, Practical Application|
|Published online||17 April 2020|
Streamflow prediction in ungauged basins: benchmarking the efficiency of deep learning
State Hydrological Institute, 199004 Saint Petersburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Streamflow prediction is a vital public service that helps to establish flash-flood early warning systems or assess the impact of projected climate change on water management. However, the availability of streamflow observations limits the utilization of the state-of-the-art streamflow prediction techniques to the basins where hydrometric gauging stations exist. Since the most river basins in the world are ungauged, the development of the specialized techniques for the reliable streamflow prediction in ungauged basins (PUB) is of crucial importance. In recent years, the emerging field of deep learning provides a myriad of new models that can breathe new life into the stagnating PUB methods. In the presented study, we benchmark the streamflow prediction efficiency of Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks against the standard technique of GR4J hydrological model parameters regionalization (HMREG) at 200 basins in Northwest Russia. Results show that the LSTM-based regional hydrological model significantly outperforms the HMREG scheme in terms of median Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE), which is 0.73 and 0.61 for LSTM and HMREG, respectively. Moreover, LSTM demonstrates the comparable median NSE with that for basin-scale calibration of GR4J (0.75). Therefore, this study underlines the high utilization potential of deep learning for the PUB by demonstrating the new state-of-the-art performance in this field.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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