E3S Web Conf.
Volume 163, 2020IV Vinogradov Conference “Hydrology: from Learning to Worldview” in Memory of Outstanding Russian Hydrologist Yury Vinogradov
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Mathematical Modeling in Hydrology: Problems, Achievements, Practical Application|
|Published online||17 April 2020|
Assessing the role of thermal erosion in channel deformation processes in rivers of permafrost zone
Water Problems Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Gubkina 3, Moscow, 119333 Russia
2 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoye Shosse 26, Moscow, 129337 Russia
3 RUDN University, Miklukho-Maklaya, 6, Moscow, 117198 Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The study is focused on the deformations caused by the impact of water flow in a river channel composed of melt-able permafrost rocks. It is based on the results of laboratory and mathematical simulation. The results of numerical calculations are compared with data of laboratory and field observations. The study shows that a comprehensive and adequate model of river channel deformations should take into account not only ablation, but also other factors, including heat transfer in the soil, sediment transport, and bank slope collapses. Numerical experiments with an improved mathematical model, applied to long time intervals, have shown that the differences between the averaged deformations, calculated by a model of ablation alone, i.e., ignoring bank slope collapses and sediment transport, and a comprehensive model can be considerable. Experiments in a hydraulic flume were good enough to reproduce the effect of delayed collapse, consisting in nonsimultaneous impacts of channel-forming rock melting and a freshet.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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