E3S Web Conf.
Volume 164, 2020Topical Problems of Green Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering 2019 (TPACEE 2019)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Energy Efficiency in Transportation|
|Published online||05 May 2020|
The use of simulation when designing road junctions
1 FSBEI HE RSATU, 1, Kostychev Str., Ryazan, Russia
2 Ryazan Institute (branch) of Moscow Polytechnic University, 53, Lenin Str., Ryazan, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The high level of motorization in most countries of the world is the reason for the increase in the number of car accidents. Currently, it is understood that a further increase in the number of cars without significant changes in the transport infrastructure will only aggravate the already difficult situation on roads. The article addresses the issues of road traffic injuries and statistical information on road accidents. The analysis of the work of leading transport engineers presents the results of studies on the use of computer modeling tools for designing road conditions at various levels. From the presented analysis, it is possible to conclude that the most suitable tool for assessing the safety of road junctions is the PTV VISSIM software package, which also allows to export vehicle trajectories to SSAM software. In the framework of the analytic survey of the intersection safety, based on the analysis of vehicle trajectories, the parameters of the future conflict of the planned road junctions were established. Studies have shown that a road junction at different levels makes possible to triple the safety of junctions in comparison with the roundabout. The use of simulation allows not to wait for emergency cases, but to evaluate hypothetical structures and alternative layout options for road junctions, where it is not possible to use traditional, statistical models for assessing the probability of car accidents.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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