E3S Web Conf.
Volume 164, 2020Topical Problems of Green Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering 2019 (TPACEE 2019)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Agriculture and Biotechnologies|
|Published online||05 May 2020|
Influence of the angle of the bath bottom inclination in ergot isolation device on grain immersion in a liquid
1 Federal Agrarian Scientific Center of the North-East, 166 A, Lenin str., Kirov, 610007, Russia
2 Vyatka State Agricultural Academy, 133, October ave., Kirov, 610017, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
For the mechanization of the allocation of toxic ergot from the rye seeds in a wet way, the urgent issue is the development of a device containing a bath with an aqueous solution of salt. The aim of the study is to determine the influence of the angle of inclination of the bottom of the bath on the rate of immersion of grains in the fluid of the device for separating ergot from rye seeds, which will ensure the efficiency of the process. Theoretically, we consider the movement of individual rye grains along the inclined surface of the bottom of the bath of the ergot extraction device. Rye grains have a density ρz = (1.2...1.5)·103 kg/m3, a length lz = (5.0. 10.0)·10-3 m, a width b = (1.4...3.6)·10-3 m, and a thickness δ = (1.2 3.5)·10-3 m. Geometric models of these grains are presented in the form of cylindrical and spheroidal grains. The movement of grain on the surface of the bottom of the bath of an ergot extraction device is considered at angles of inclination α = 27, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90 degrees by the methods of mathematical modeling, classical mechanics using the laws of hydrodynamics. It was established that the angle α of the slope of the surface of the bottom of the bathtub to the horizontal should be taken at least 650, at which accumulation is excluded due to the rapid rolling of the grain and a decrease in the thickness of its layer.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
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