E3S Web Conf.
Volume 166, 2020The International Conference on Sustainable Futures: Environmental, Technological, Social and Economic Matters (ICSF 2020)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Sustainable Materials and Technologies|
|Published online||22 April 2020|
Study of the influence of properties of dusty ferromagnetic additives on the increase of cement activity
Kryvyi Rih National University, Civil Engineering Faculty, 11 Vitalii Matusevych Str., Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine
2 Kryvyi Rih National University, Mining and Metallurgical Faculty, 11 Vitalii Matusevych Str., Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine
3 National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Department of Mining Development and Mining, 11 Soborna Str., Rivne, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sustainable development of construction materials is directly related to research on the processes of hydration of binders. Builders need better types of cement, with lower cost and energy consumption in production. The development of spin chemistry methods allows us to consider the processes of hydration and structure formation of binders from the spin state of the elements involved in chemical reactions. Magnetic interactions have a significant effect on the spin dynamics and the control of the spin multiplicity of radical pairs. The practical implementation of magnetic effects on a binder can be carried out in various ways. However, a long-term impact can be achieved only by introducing ferromagnetic substances into the binders. In the paper presented the results of a study of the influence of the characteristics of finely dispersed powdered ferromagnetic additives on the strength characteristics of cement. Ferromagnetic additives regulate the behavior of the reactants during rotation during the hydration of the binders due to magnetic interactions and control the reactivity of the chemical reaction. A comparative analysis revealed that it is most expedient to use as powdery ferromagnetic additives are the waste from mining and processing enterprises of the Krivorozhsky field. The work investigated the magnetic and dispersed characteristics of 12 different dust. The experiments showed that the origin of dust and the method of their capture are determined their magnetic characteristics. Preparation of samples with the dust and determination of the strength characteristics of cement were carried out by standard methods. The results obtained made it possible to reveal the laws of the effect of the dispersed and magnetic properties of various dust on the degree of activation of binders.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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