E3S Web Conf.
Volume 174, 2020Vth International Innovative Mining Symposium
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environment Saving Mining Technologies|
|Published online||18 June 2020|
Technological Scheme of Complex Peat Processing for Obtaining of Multifunctional Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Powders
Tver State Technical University, A. Nikitin Street, 22, 170026, Tver, Russia
∗ Correspondent author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The method of hydrophobic modification of dispersed materials is based on the extraction of bituminous components of peat and applying them to a treated surface. The industrial implementation of this method is possible in the following main directions. First, it is the thermochemical treatment in a reactor of the entire material volume by hydrophobic components of peat with a low concentration. Second, it is the obtaining of concentrated hydrophobically-modifying compositions and their use in the production technology of various types of powdered dispersed materials. Positive results were obtained with organo-mineral hydrophobically- modifying concentrates based on peat with clinker, kaolin, chalk, lime, vermiculite. Third, it is the use of the sorption properties of the porous structure of peat to saturate it with additional hydrophobic components: bitumen, oleic acid, organosilicon compounds, etc. The main advantage of the obtained composite hydrophobic modifiers is quality (accurate) dosing. There are promising directions of the use of hydrophobically-modifying additives in the construction industry, chemical industry and to ensure fire safety. A block diagram of the technological process of complex peat processing to produce hydrophobic and hydrophilic powders is proposed. Additional processing of production wastes allows for the production of a stabilizing additive for asphalt concrete.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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