E3S Web Conf.
Volume 174, 2020Vth International Innovative Mining Symposium
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Environment Saving Mining Technologies|
|Published online||18 June 2020|
Preliminary results of tests on nitrogen cushion for combating fire hazard in longwalls rich in methane
1 Center of Hydraulics DOH Ltd, ul. Konstytucji 147, 41-906 Bytom, Poland
2 Polska Grupa Górnicza S.A., KWK ROW ruch Chwałowice, ul. Przewozowa 4, 44-206 Rybnik, Poland
3 Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Organization and Management, Roosevelta 26, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
4 NUST “MISiS”, Department of Energy and Energy Efficiency of the Mining Industry, 119049 Moscow, 4 Leninskiy prospect, Russia
∗ Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ventilation hazard is the most dangerous phenomena occurring in the hard coal extraction process. This particularly applies to endogenous fire hazard. In order to reduce it, it is necessary to improve the effectiveness of preventive measures. Hence this paper presents new solutions that substantially improve fire prevention effectiveness. The main idea is to develop and create an additional nitrogen cushion in the zone behind the powered roof support operating in a longwall face. The solution is based on installations for inerting of goafs and sections of the powered roof support. The nitrogen cushion restricts the access of air and oxygen to the area of goafs and limits the possibility of fire. Practical application of the developed solution allowed for effective reduction of fire hazard in conditions of a very high tendency of coal to self-ignite at short incubation period. This, in turn, enables safe exploitation and decommissioning of the longwall. Undoubtedly, the solution presented and the results obtained constitute a new approach to preventive actions in mines. It is the result of the work of theoretical and practical researchers. The solution is a combination of the potential of these two environments. The developed solution should find wide range of applications in the areas where endogenous fire and methane hazards occur.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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