E3S Web Conf.
Volume 175, 2020XIII International Scientific and Practical Conference “State and Prospects for the Development of Agribusiness – INTERAGROMASH 2020”
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||29 June 2020|
Water regime formation of river basins in the delta zone on the example of the Azov region
Kuban State Agrarian University named after I. T. Trubilin, 13, Kalinina str., 350044, Krasnodar, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Ignoring the specific soil and climatic conditions of the Lower Kuban against the background of irrevocable water use and constant increase in production intensification using new, little-studied pesticides and herbicides without studying the mechanism of its environmental impact, has led to serious environmental and economic problems. In this regard, there was needed to study and analyze environmental problems, establish mechanism for its origin and develop a concept and recommendations for overcoming the environmental crisis in which the Lower Kuban, including Azov and Black Seas ecosystems. The article has processed perennial data and our own research results into dynamics of the qualitative and quantitative indicators of the Lower Kuban delta zone basin for more than 70 years. The results of the ionic composition research of estuary water and collector-drainage water were obtained and analyzed. The causal relationships of catastrophic changes in the water ecosystem of the river delta are established and specific recommendations are developed to improve the ecological environment in line with modern standards. The estuaries ichthyofauna composition is analyzed and the reasons for the reduction in fish productivity are identified, ways to solve this are proposed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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