E3S Web Conf.
Volume 180, 20209th International Conference on Thermal Equipments, Renewable Energy and Rural Development (TE-RE-RD 2020)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Thermal Equipments and Processes|
|Published online||24 July 2020|
Researches on biofuels gasification using the Lurgi process with homogeneous air inlet over the combustion space
Power Engineering Faculty, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, 060042 Bucharest (Romania)
2 Mechanics and Mechatronics Faculty, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, 060042 Bucharest (Romania)
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The experimental investigations carried out within the present research focus on a simple gasification technology dedicated to biofuels conversion according to the Lurgi procedure. Specifically, an installation with a fixed grill and a homogeneous distribution of the air inlet over the combustion space are considered. In order to provide a thorough background for the experimental research, this paper presents first the challenges related to the air distribution. If for coal gasification the difficulty of the homogeneous penetration of the air inlet within the whole combustion volume is balanced by the possibility of the direct emission of CO valorization, for biomass gasification this factor becomes fundamental. The original contribution of the technology introduced in this paper assumes an improved combustion process for Lurgi-type gas generators. The experimental installation employed has a particular design, enabling a homogeneous distribution of the air inlet over the entire combustion zone, up to the top of the embers layer. This allows achieving a maximum CO2 content in the flue gas flux, effectively reducing it inside the embers bed. The high calorific value of biofuels used favors developing an efficient combustion process, occurring at high temperatures. Thus, the reduction process of the CO2 is self-controlled. The experimental installation operates at a slow fuel rate, with discontinued supply and precise airflow control. The quality of the gas obtained is evaluated based on the resulting open flame, analyzing its composition.
Key words: biomass combustion / biomass gasification / energy recovery / homogeneous air inlet / Lurgi process
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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