E3S Web Conf.
Volume 180, 20209th International Conference on Thermal Equipments, Renewable Energy and Rural Development (TE-RE-RD 2020)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||24 July 2020|
Desorption of the Exotic Fruit Jujube (Ziziphus Jujube Mill) of Bulgarian Origin
Department of Process Engineering, University of Food Technologies – Plovdiv, 26 Maritza Blvd. BG-4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
2 Department of Mechanical and Instrument Engineering, Technical University Sofia, Plovdiv Branch, 25 Tsanko Duistabanov Str., Plovdiv 4000, Bulgaria
3 Department of Microbiology, University of Food Technologies – Plovdiv, 26 Maritza Blvd. BG4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
4 Department of Technology of Grain, Fodder, Bread and Confectionery Products, University of Food Technologies – Plovdiv, 26 Maritza Blvd. BG-4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
5 Kornelia Choroleeva Language Training Centre, University of Food Technologies – Plovdiv, 26 Maritza Blvd. BG-4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The present study determined the physico-chemical parameters of the exotic fruit jujube (Ziziphus jujube mill) of Bulgarian origin – pH of 4.62, refractometric dry matter of 31.6 %, dry matter (in weight) of 36.78 %, TTA (total titratable acidity) – citric acid – of 0.67 %, 0.70 % malic acid, 65.95 % moisture, 0.78 % fibre, 1.41 % protein, 23.65 % carbohydrate, 0.24 % fat and energy value of 428.44 kJ/102.4 kcal. Equilibrium moisture content and monolayer moisture content were established for desorption concerning eight water activities in the 0.1 0.9 range and the temperatures of 10 °С, 25 °С and 40 °С. The coefficients of the modified Oswin, Chung-Pfost, Halsey and Henderson models were obtained statistically. The modified Halsey model is recommended as a description of the desorption isotherms of jujube (Ziziphus jujube mill) since it corresponds to the criteria for model assessment and suitability. Via BET model linearization, the values of the monolayer moisture content for desorption at the temperatures of 10 °С 5.41 % d.b., 25 °С – 4.65 % d.b. and 40 °С 5.08 % d.b were determined.
Key words: jujube (Ziziphus jujube mill) / physico-chemical parameters / sorption characteristics
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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