E3S Web Conf.
Volume 185, 20202020 International Conference on Energy, Environment and Bioengineering (ICEEB 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Energy Engineering and Power System|
|Published online||01 September 2020|
A Combined Method of Two-model based on Forecasting Meteorological Data for Photovoltaic Power Generation Forecasting
Faculty of Electronics and Information Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, 201804 China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Under the background of the continuous development of photovoltaic power generation technology, accurate prediction of photovoltaic output power has become an important subject. In this paper, a combined method of two-model based on forecasting meteorological data for photovoltaic power generation forecasting is proposed. To solve the problem of the adaptability of a single model, two different models are used according to the different types of output power characteristics. The K-means clustering algorithm is used to classify different weather types according to the historical meteorological data. After predicting the irradiance and temperature of the period to be predicted and classifying the period into different types, the photovoltaic output power is predicted by a suitable model. The two prediction models are the Wavelet- Decomposition-ARIMA model and EDM-SA-DBN model, which are suitable for periods with larger and smaller fluctuation amplitude of photovoltaic output, respectively. Wavelet decomposition can refine the data with large fluctuations on multiple scales, make the data smooth, and improve the prediction accuracy of the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average model (ARIMA). The Deep Belief Network (DBN) can effectively process a large number of complex data and deep mining the data features. While the empirical mode decomposition (EMD) can decompose the more stable data and amplify the details in the signal as much as possible. Meanwhile, the simulated annealing algorithm (SA) can avoid the network falling into a local optimal solution and improve the prediction accuracy. This paper uses a large number of photovoltaic power station data for experimental verification. The results show that this combined model has high accuracy and generalization ability.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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