E3S Web Conf.
Volume 185, 20202020 International Conference on Energy, Environment and Bioengineering (ICEEB 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Energy Saving and Environmental Protection Technology|
|Published online||01 September 2020|
The influence of the Pb Content of Source Transport on its Distribution in the Bottom Layer
1 Accountancy School, Xijing University, Xi’an, 710123, China
2 North China Sea Environmental Monitoring Center, SOA, Qingdao, 266033, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Based on the survey data of Jiaozhou Bay in 1992, the vertical distribution and seasonal variation of Pb in the surface and bottom waters from the bay center to the south of the bay mouth were studied, and the seasonal distribution, range and horizontal distribution trend of Pb content in the surface and bottom waters were determined. The results show that in May, August and October, Pb content in the waters from the south of the bay mouth to the center of the bay, and in the whole water body from the surface to the bottom, ranged from 4.20 to 24.39 μg/L, which met the national sea water quality standard of class II, class III and class IV. In other words, water quality was mildly, moderately and severely polluted by Pb. In the surface and bottom water, the Pb content was from low to high in May, October and August; In addition, the seasonal change of Pb content in the water body from low to high was as follows: spring, autumn and summer. In May, August and October, when the content of Pb in the surface layer was high, the corresponding bottom layer was high. And when the content of Pb in the surface layer was relatively high, and the corresponding bottom layer was relatively high. It shows that in May, August and October, the loss of Pb content from the surface layer to the bottom layer was relatively large. Further, in the waters from the southeast to the center, in May and August, the horizontal distribution trend of Pb in the surface layer was opposite to that in the bottom layer. But in October, the horizontal distribution trend of Pb in the surface layer was consistent with that in the bottom layer. What’s more, from May to October, the seasonal variation of Pb content in the bottom layer of the water body in the southeastern Jiaozhou Bay was mainly decided by that of Pb content transported by the open ocean current. In the water body in the center of Jiaozhou Bay, the seasonal change of Pb content in the bottom layer was different from that in the surface layer and from that in the ocean current. In terms of time scale, in the waters from the southern bay mouth to the center of the bay, in May, August and October, the Pb content in the surface and the bottom layer changed in the same range, maintaining the consistency. Furthermore, in terms of spatial scale, in May and August, according to the high content and increasing trend of Pb transported by the open sea current, the horizontal distribution trend of Pb in the surface layer was opposite to that in the bottom layer. Nonetheless, in October, the Pb content transported by the open sea current was relatively low and showed a trend of decrease. And the horizontal distribution of Pb in the surface layer was consistent with that in the bottom layer.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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