E3S Web Conf.
Volume 191, 20202020 The 3rd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment Engineering (REEE 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environmental Monitoring and Quality Assessment|
|Published online||24 September 2020|
Evaluation and techno-economic analysis of packed bed scrubber for ammonia recovery from drying fumes produced during the thermal drying of sewage sludge
1 School of Energy Systems, LUT University, Lappeenranta, Finland
2 School of Engineering Science, LUT University, Lappeenranta, Finland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study investigates the recovery of ammonia from drying fumes during thermal drying of sewage sludge with packed bed acid scrubbers to recover ammonia and to produce ammonium sulfate. The process is modelled for two concentrations, 75 and 100 ppm, and 1000m3/h inlet flowrate of drying fumes containing air and ammonia gas. It results in finding optimal parameters for scale-up of drying fumes during thermal drying of 7700t/a sewage sludge of Lappeenranta city. It is found that a single scrubber, with a 24000 m3/h of inlet gas and an ammonia concentration of 75 ppm, liquid to gas ratio of 1.5, temperature and pH of liquid acid as 100°C and 3 respectively, gives the efficiency of more than 99%, and reduces ammonia concentration in the outlet stream to 0.2 ppm. The capital cost is 290 k€, operating cost is 113k€/a, removal cost with and without revenue of ammonium sulfate is 20 €/t and 18 €/t of sludge. The packed bed acid scrubber would be suitable to remove ammonia in the drying fumes to recover ammonia from the drying fumes, but the initial economic analysis highlights that the production of commercial grade ammonium sulfate fertilizer would be an expensive option.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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