E3S Web Conf.
Volume 192, 2020VIII International Scientific Conference “Problems of Complex Development of Georesources” (PCDG 2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Geotechnical and Geomechanical Problems of Development of Mineral Resources|
|Published online||30 September 2020|
Development of explosive breaking principles for the ores prone to overgrinding
Institute of Mining of the Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Laboratory of Underground Geotechnology, 620075, Ekaterinburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In underground mining of valuable non-metallic raw materials, non-ferrous and precious metal ores, the problem of overgrinding of raw materials as a result of blasting operations is quite acute. For ores of nonferrous and precious metals, represented by strong rocks, the effect of increased concentration of ore minerals in small classes of ore is characteristic. Due to the process of segregation of the mass in ore drawing, small fractions accumulate in significant quantities on the lying side of the mine goaf and on the roughness of its surface. Such ore is often simply lost. It is rational to create conditions for reducing the yield of small fractions already at the stage of separating the ore from the array. Therefore, the development of technological methods for managing the quality of mining enterprise products and methods for improving the completeness of extracting mineral reserves is an urgent scientific and technical task. To solve this problem, a number of model and full-scale experiments were conducted to identify the dependence of the nature of destruction on the method and parameters of blasting, followed by statistical evaluation of the results. The principles of determining the parameters of the technology for breaking valuable ores that are prone to overgrinding are established.
Key words: overgrinding / detonation products / main crack / flat system / line of least resistance / convergence coefficient
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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