E3S Web Conf.
Volume 192, 2020VIII International Scientific Conference “Problems of Complex Development of Georesources” (PCDG 2020)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Innovative Technologies and Methods for Monitoring Natural and Mining Systems|
|Published online||30 September 2020|
Ground penetrating radar investigations of the geological structure of loose sediments at solid mineral deposits
Chersky Mining Institute of the North, Siberian Branch RAS, Lenina Str. 43, Yakutsk, 677980, Russia
2 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Al. Armii Ludowej, 16, 00-637 Warsaw, Poland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
For effective commercial development of deposits, an increase in the information content of operational exploration is required. In recent years, the range of methods used to obtain complete and reliable information about the structure and properties of the rock mass of a developed field include remote methods of high-frequency electrical prospecting, in particular, the ground penetrating radar (GPR) method. The paper presents a methodological experience in the interpretation of GPR data of sandy river sediments based on the identification of radar facies. In the considered area, four types of radar facies have been identified that characterize the structure of sandy deposits and the morphology of the river bed. The criteria for identifying radar facies were used to analyze wave patterns of loose sediments in a sand and gravel pit and a placer gold deposit. Experimental GPR investigations are presented by data from a sandy-gravel pit (Warsaw, Poland) and from a placer gold deposit (Yakutia, Russia). As an example, a GPR section along the Paplin quarry and its interpretation, with the identification of GPR facies, is presented. A cross-sectional GPR profile of the dredging landfill is considered for the placer gold deposit. The analysis of the wave pattern was carried out, geological boundaries were highlighted. Based on the interpretation results, the characteristics of the rocks were given. It was noted that according to the GPR data, it is possible to identify zones of uplift of bedrock, which can affect the course of the dredge. As a result of using GPR in a swampy area where drilling was impossible, a deep three-layer section was obtained. The presented results of the successful use of GPR investigations and methodological approaches in the interpretation of data, show the promise of using the GPR method in assessing mining and geological conditions, in particular, placer deposits. At the same time, the efficiency of obtaining data can further contribute to the optimization of technology and increase the efficiency of field development.
Key words: placer gold deposits / dredging range / GPR / structure of loose sediments / sandy river sediments / radar facies / wave pattern
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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