E3S Web Conf.
Volume 194, 20202020 5th International Conference on Advances in Energy and Environment Research (ICAEER 2020)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Environmental Protection and Pollution Control|
|Published online||15 October 2020|
Effects of Tillage Methods and Vegetation Coverage on Reducing Runoff and Soil Erosion
1 Zhejiang Guangchuan Engineering Consulting Co. Ltd., Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310020, China
2 Zhejiang Institute of Hydraulics and Estuary, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310020, China
3 Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Water Disaster Prevention and Reduction, Hangzhou 310020, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
To study the characteristics of runoff and soil erosion of natural rainfall conditions, five standard runoff plots were set up in our experiment, and different tillage methods and vegetation coverage types were set up. The 58-month monthly precipitation data and 44-month runoff plot observation data from 2013 to 2017 were analysed. The results show that: 1) The monthly precipitation fluctuates significantly, ranging from 13mm to 683.5mm. The precipitation is unevenly distributed over the year. The largest average monthly precipitation is in June and the smallest is in January. Rainfall is mainly concentrated in the spring and summer. The precipitation from March to June accounts for 58.0% of the annual rainfall. 2) There is a positive correlation between runoff depth and precipitation in each runoff plot (R2= 0. 5101~0. 6676, Sig.<0.01); 3) There is also a positive correlation between soil loss and precipitation (R2=0. 424~0. 558, Sig.<0.01); 4) The amount of soil loss and the runoff depth increase with increasing rainfall. The runoff plot without any vegetation cover or farming measures increase the most. While the one with horizontal steps and shrubs, or a combination of arbor and grass increase the slowest, indicating that they have the best effect of reducing runoff and soil loss.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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