E3S Web Conf.
Volume 195, 20204th European Conference on Unsaturated Soils (E-UNSAT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Experimental Evidence and Techniques|
|Published online||16 October 2020|
An estimation of the soil water characteristics curves of Trinidad's expansive clays
University of the West Indies, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Volume change behaviour of expansive clays has been one of the leading causes of damage to civil infrastructures worldwide. Contributing factors that lead to failures relate to changes in water content within the soil. Variations of water content can vary significantly based on an area’s climate regime. Trinidad has two seasons, the dry season (January to June) and the wet season (July to December). This variation leads to volume changes of expansive clay, where they exist mainly within the central and south regions of Trinidad. These areas are densely populated by residential and commercial buildings, which can be susceptible to damages from unsaturated expansive clays. The Soil Water Characteristic Curve (SWCC) for expansive clays is critical to estimate their unsaturated properties for the analysis of water flow movement. This study investigates the SWCCs for two expansive clay soil types in Trinidad. A WP4-T (Water Potential Measurement) is used to measure soil suction. The shrinkage curve (SC) test is conducted to consider the volume change of soil. The Fredlund and Xing (1994) SWCC equation and Fredlund and Zhang (2013) SC equation are used to fit the measured data. The SWCCs in terms of gravimetric and volumetric water contents and degree of saturation are compared. It is found that the normalised degree of saturation SWCC can provide a better display of the SWCC and estimation of the air-entry value.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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