E3S Web Conf.
Volume 195, 20204th European Conference on Unsaturated Soils (E-UNSAT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Special Session on Energy Geotechnics|
|Published online||16 October 2020|
Development of a THMC code for bentonites in COMSOL Multiphysics
Geoenvironmental Group, Civil Engineering School, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. Camilo José Cela s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The proposed use of active clays for the isolation of radioactive wastes in deep geological repositories has been followed by a deeper understanding of this type of soils. This increased knowledge has led to the need for both conceptual and numerical models capable of capturing the main trends in behaviour and the different couplings between different physical-chemical phenomena. In addition, the model must have a high degree of flexibility that enables it to accommodate future developments or new relevant phenomena. This work presents a numerical THMC code developed entirely on the COMSOL Multiphysics numerical implementation platform, which provides the required adaptability. This model includes, for the first time in this environment, a reactive transport model in unsaturated porous media for a relevant geochemical system (consistent with the MX-80 bentonite) together with a THM model based on a double porosity approach. The chemical potentials of water and solutes are used for the definition of thermodynamic equilibria between both porosity levels. Trends in the behaviour of a bentonite sample under oedometric conditions are satisfactorily simulated in response to a process of saturation and change in salinity conditions. Variations in swelling pressure, porosity distribution or dissolution/precipitation of the main accessory minerals are analysed and explained by means of the proposed conceptual model.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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