E3S Web Conf.
Volume 195, 20204th European Conference on Unsaturated Soils (E-UNSAT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Special Session on Energy Geotechnics|
|Published online||16 October 2020|
Restoring initial conditions in a deep argillaceous formation with induced suction on retrieval
1 Centre Internacional de Mètodes Numèrics en Enginyeria CIMNE, Barcelona, Spain
2 Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya UPC, Barcelona, Spain
3 ONDRAF/NIRAS, Brussels, Belgium
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The deep and plastic Ypresian clays (Ycs) are one of the potential host rock formations in Belgium for the geological disposal of heat-emitting radioactive waste. Consequently, their thermo-hydro-mechanical behaviour has to be exhaustively studied at different depths. With this aim and considering that there is no underground research facility, deep core samples of Ycs have been retrieved between 300 and 450 m depth. The water-undrained sampling induces high matric suctions on the retrieved samples despite their nearly saturated state. Microstructural features, and particularly the larger dominant pore sizes with relatively low air-entry values, may also affect this induced suction. An experimental campaign has been launched to analyse the induced suction at different depths, which is complemented with pore size distributions carried out with mercury intrusion porosimetry. The study is accompanied by a constant volume test, in which a retrieved cylindrical sample with high initial suction is subjected to positive water pressure at the bottom boundary. The evolution of pore water pressure and total stress at different heights allows detecting the development of effective stress (swelling pressure) close to the initial suction. Finally, the paper emphasises the importance of following adequate experimental protocols on these high-suction samples to restore in situ conditions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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