E3S Web Conf.
Volume 197, 202075th National ATI Congress – #7 Clean Energy for all (ATI 2020)
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Internal Combustion Engines|
|Published online||22 October 2020|
A Practical Design Approach to Improve the Charging Efficiency of a Small Two-Stroke High Speed Engine Based on Basic CFD
University of Padova, Department of Management and Engineering – DTG, Vicenza, Italy
2 SCM Group, Industrial Machinery, Mechanical design engineer, Rimini, Italy
3 Veil Energy Srl, R&D Manager – TEG system, Bolzano, Italy
* esponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper deals with the optimisation of the charging efficiency in a small two-stroke high-speed engine according to well-established design guidelines. The aim is to present the method successfully used in the preliminary screening of the performance improvement attainable in a crank-case-compression engine by design modifications to the transfer ports and manifolds. The method applies a basic CFD model of the steady-state flow across the cylinder block validated against experimental tests at the discharge flow bench. This model is used to approximate the actual scavenging process through a transient simulation of the cold flow across the cylinder inside which the piston is fixed at the bottom centre. A fast assessment of the charging efficiency is permitted by a transported passive scalar implemented in the model to easily estimate all the parameters needed for monitoring the effectiveness of the scavenging process at each crankangle. This practical design approach has been applied to the geometry of a Schnürle-type loop-scavenged 125cc single-cylinder engine compliant with the 2018 FIA homologation form for the KF2 karting competition category. The maximum increase of indicated mean effective pressure expected according to the comparison between the CFD simulations of the original and the modified design of the transfer ports is approximately equal to 4%. This result demonstrates that the CFD analyses are sensitive to the limited modifications commonly needed to tune two-stroke racing-engines and confirms that the suggested design approach can be profitably employed by engineers and technicians involved in the design of small two-stroke highspeed engines.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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