E3S Web Conf.
Volume 198, 20202020 10th Chinese Geosynthetics Conference & International Symposium on Civil Engineering and Geosynthetics (ISCEG 2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Urban Planning Engineering and Design Application|
|Published online||26 October 2020|
Influence mechanism of congestion degree of layout on domino effect in petrochemical plants
State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Environmental Risk Assessment and Control on Chemical Process, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
The study focused on the establishment of the congestion degree in describing the layout of process plants, and discovering the influence mechanism of congestion degree on the risk of domino effect, in view of the fact that the congestion degree has not been used to represent the characteristics of petrochemical plant layout. A characterization model was built for the congestion degree of process plant layouts applying the theory of fuzzy model that it took safety distance, the amount of materials involved and the hazard of these substances into consideration, and came out with a membership function through logical calculus, which made congestion degree a comparable data. Secondly, a systematic domino effect risk analysis method was generalized on account of domino effect quantitative risk analysis method which include the equipment damage probability, the domino effect occurrence probability, risk analysis based on the consequences, individual risk index and social risk index, the process plant natural risk index and real risk index, and then these indices were compared to select the most suitable ones to illustrate the risk of domino effect and to research about part of the storage tank field of a petrochemical plant. Finally, the influence mechanism of layout congestion degree on domino effect of regional accident was obtained through this quantitative analysis. Simultaneously, a range of the congestion degree was acquired according to the individual risk index which can be used as a reference in the design stage of the process plant. The result proved that high congestion degree in process plant greatly increased the risk of domino effect in most of the quantitative risk analysis index, such as the probability of resulting in secondary accidents, the harm on both human and the equipments caused by the initial accident, and the individual risk and social risk, etc. The characterization models for the congestion degree and the domino risk analysis method established and summarized in the study have been applied in the design stage of process plant layout to optimize the layout, and thus reduce the risk of domino effect caused by accidents.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2020
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