E3S Web Conf.
Volume 199, 20202020 The 2nd International Conference on Water Resources and Environmental Engineering (ICWREE2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||22 October 2020|
Mineralogical and microbial correlation of phosphate ore mine in Hazm Al-Jalamid
King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology (KACST), P. O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This environmental engineering study was conducted to investigate and correlate the fundamental mineralogical compositions of phosphate rock in the Hazm Al-Jalamid area of Saudi Arabia at different layers originating from an open-pit mine. Microbial communities within these layers and the associated correlations between the mineralogical compositions at different geological and textural profiles were investigated. Three representative phosphaterock layers, upper, middle, and lower, were investigated. The dominated crystal structure of the upper layer was calcite, while dolomite, and quartz were in middle and lower layers, respectively. In contrast, Phosphate concentrations reached levels around 3.12%, 7.66%, and 3.92% of the overall content of representative samples in the upper, middle, and lower layers, respectively. The same trends were observed for both fluorapatite and phosphorus pentoxide. The microbiome of the phosphate-ore samples was evaluated. The phylum Proteobacteria dominated the upper and middle layers, while the well-known phosphate-solubilizing bacteria species Pseudomonas putida were present at 46% and 50% in both the upper and middle layers, respectively. In contrast, the actinobacterium Saccharopolyspora flava dominated the lower layer. Increasing selective phyla and species that associated with the elevated content of phosphorus from one layer to another within mine enhanced the understating of these microorganisms as extremophiles.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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