E3S Web Conf.
Volume 202, 2020The 5th International Conference on Energy, Environmental and Information System (ICENIS 2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Green Infrastructure and Resilience|
|Published online||10 November 2020|
Mangrove management strategy to support fisheries in Mangunharjo Village, Semarang City
1 Master Program of Environmental Science, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mangrove ecosystems have unique characteristics and forms and have functions and benefits as a development resource both as an economic resource and an ecological resource that has long been felt by the people who live around the coastal area. In the last few years, mangrove ecosystems in Mangunharjo Urban Village have been continuously under pressure due to human activities. The main factors causing mangrove damage, namely: (1) Pollution, (2) Conversion of mangrove ecosystems into ponds and (3) Excessive logging. Mangunharjo Village has brackish water fishery potential by having a pond area of ± 10.45 hectares. The research method used in this research is to use a descriptive research method. The data collection technique used is the study of literature. The results showed that the condition of mangrove ecosystems in Mangunharjo Subdistrict decreased from 1990 to 1995 by 50%, but began to increase again in 2002 to 2015 by 18.42%. Mangrove species found in this study were Rhizophora sp, Avicennia sp, Xylocarpus sp and Bruguiera sp. Mangunharjo mangrove ecosystem has the highest density of mangrove species, namely Avicennia sp. As for the results of the analysis of the extent of mangrove ecosystems on the coast of Mangunharjo with the results of fisheries production, it shows that during the period before abrasion the farmer's income was IDR 1,000,000.00 / day these conditions continue to decline to IDR 100,000.00 to IDR 30,000.00 / day until early in 2000.
Key words: Mangrove ecosystems / coastal management / pond fisheries
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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