E3S Web Conf.
Volume 208, 2020First Conference on Sustainable Development: Industrial Future of Territories (IFT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environmental Aspects of Sustainable Development of Territories|
|Published online||24 November 2020|
Statistical analysis of the driving forces of anthropogenic impact on the environment
Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “Institute of Market Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences”, Nakhimovsky prospect, 47, 117418 Moscow, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the study is to analyze the driving forces of the impact of human activities on the environment. The problem of assessing the influence of the population size, the level of economic development, as well as the technological factor on the volume of emissions of pollutants into the atmospheric air in the regions of the Russian Federation is considered. A retrospective of models for analyzing the main driving forces of anthropogenic impact on the environment is presented. The study is based on the STIRPAT model. The results of the econometric assessment showed that both the population and the level of economic development (GRP per capita) have a decisive influence on the increase in air emissions in the regions of the Russian Federation. A decrease in the energy intensity of GRP, as well as the share of manufacturing and extractive industries in the sectoral structure of GRP, also leads to a significant decrease in the environmental load. However, the values of the corresponding environmental elasticities are significantly lower than the elasticities of emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere with changes in population size and economic growth (GRP per capita).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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