E3S Web Conf.
Volume 210, 2020Innovative Technologies in Science and Education (ITSE-2020)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Livestock and Veterinary|
|Published online||04 December 2020|
Development of methods for introducing hybrid progeny of Malus sieboldii Rehd. at in vitro conditions
Federal State Budgetary Education Institution of Higher Education «Michurinsk State Agrarian Uni-versity», 393760, Russia, Michurinsk, Internatsionalnaya str., 101
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The paper provides data on the use of the Malus sieboldii Rehd. as a genetic donor of economically valuable traits in breeding low-vigorous clonal apple rootstocks. The method of embryo culture is proposed as a way to increase the efficiency of distant crosses. The studies were carried out using seeds obtained in three combinations of crossing (M. sieboldii x Malysh Budagovskogo, M. sieboldii x 60-160, M. sieboldii x 76-3-6). As sterilizing agents when introduced into culture in vitro, we used industrial disinfectant «Belizna (Whiteness)», the sanitizer «Ecocid C» + «Belizna» and the sanitizer «BioPag C» + «Belizna». It was found that additional pretreatment with «Ecocid C» (1.0%) and "BioPag C" (0.4%) for 50 minutes before using the disinfectant «Belizna» contributes to the production of sterile explants up to 61.5% compared to the control. The best results were obtained when combine using «Ecocid C» (1.0%, 50 min.) and «Belizna» (50%, 5 min.). After 28 days, due to the low number of developing embryos, the method of dissection of a part of the cotyledons of hybrid seeds was used. As a result, up to 65.3% of hybrid plants were obtained, compared to 4.2% of the control.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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