E3S Web Conf.
Volume 211, 2020The 1st JESSD Symposium: International Symposium of Earth, Energy, Environmental Science and Sustainable Development 2020
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||General Environmental Modelling|
|Published online||25 November 2020|
Measurement of cloud properties using a self-designed cloud chamber
Department of Physics, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar, 382007, Gujarat, India
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Present paper examines the dependency of ambient parameters such as humidity, and turbulence to determine the conditions on raindrop formation with the help of a self-designed cloud chamber. The research methods are experimental and observational in nature, where atmospheric phenomena are recreated through the usage of appropriate substitutes. Miniature droplets were created inside a box-like setup through the use of dry ice to cool the water vapor rising up, so as to create suspended water droplets, and to induce precipitation of heavier droplets. The experiment resulted in the creation of precipitated droplets, which were found at the base of the chamber at 99-100% relative humidity. The suspended droplets were used to study factors such as luminosity and variation of droplet sizes with turbulence. It was found that up to 14.4 m/s of turbulence, the droplet sizes increase with an increase in turbulence, with the luminosity decreasing with increase in turbulence. The gaussian profile of droplet size distribution has also been obtained, with a standard deviation of 2.83, 3.01 and 3.18 for low, medium and high turbulence speeds respectively. The experiment can be extended to incorporate a higher number of variables, so as to include a wider range of atmospheric phenomena.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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