E3S Web Conf.
Volume 217, 2020International Scientific and Practical Conference “Environmental Risks and Safety in Mechanical Engineering” (ERSME-2020)
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Environmental Monitoring and Protection|
|Published online||14 December 2020|
Ecology of the Western region in Kazakhstan: state and main directions of improvement
1 Buketov Karaganda State University, 100028, Universitetskaya str., 28, Karaganda, Republic of Kazakhstan
2 Astana Medical University, Beybitshilik str., 49A, Nur Sultan, Republic of Kazakhstan
3 L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kanysh Satpayev str., 2A, Nur Sultan, Republic of Kazakhstan
4 Kazakh National University of Arts, Tauelsyzdyk av., 50, Nur Sultan, Republic of Kazakhstan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This article examines the environmental problems of the Western region in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The authors emphasize that for many decades the oil fields of Kazakhstan have developed mainly a raw material management system with extremely high technogenic loads on the environment. It is noted that for Kazakstani economy, oil and gas production and especially their export play a key role in generating income and growth within the gross product. At the same time, the authors point out that the impact of the oil and gas field on the environment in recent years has been characterized by its intensity, diversity and significant scale. The issue of developing new hydrocarbon raw materials deposits is considered, which is accompanied by geological exploration, drilling and construction works, laying of pipelines and roads. The authors come to the conclusion that a strong anthropogenic impact on all components of the environment causes an active change in the chemical and physicochemical properties of the soil, disrupts the hydrological regime of territories, leads to impoverishment and changes in the species composition, structure and productivity of phytocenoses, a reduction in the spatial distribution and number of animal populations. In conclusion, the authors put forward a number of fundamental tasks for solving environmental problems of the industry.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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