E3S Web Conf.
Volume 217, 2020International Scientific and Practical Conference “Environmental Risks and Safety in Mechanical Engineering” (ERSME-2020)
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Environmental Monitoring and Protection|
|Published online||14 December 2020|
Municipal solid waste management in some countries of the world
1 Ural State Mining University, 30, Kuibyshev St., 620144, Yekaterinburg, Russia
2 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 26, Yaroslavskoye Shosse, 109377, Moscow, Russia
3 Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, 19, st. Mira, 620144, Yekaterinburg, Russia
4 Institute of Economics at the Russian Academy of Sciences (Ural branch), 29, Moscowskaya st., 620144, Yekaterinburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the study is both an analysis of existing basic solutions and innovations in the field of municipal solid waste management and new developments by domestic authors. The main research method was environmental monitoring in the impact zone of municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills. In the process of monitoring, the properties of the soils of the landfill bases were studied by testing them and further laboratory studies of lithological and mineral compositions, moisture and density, filtration and other characteristics. As a result, the following were established: the dependence of soil water permeability on particle size distribution, lithological, organ mineral compositions and the degree of their heterogeneity; maximum minimum-required thickness of screening soils at the base of MSW landfills in the Middle Urals. The established dependences of the engineering and geological characteristics of soils make it possible to use them as natural impervious screens, which can be successfully applied in other regions under similar conditions. Among the constructive solutions in the field of municipal solid waste management, the developments of domestic scientists, which were tested in the Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod and Sverdlovsk regions, are considered. Some of them relate to environmental protection in the area affected by landfills, while others are aimed at optimizing the operation of such landfills. The optimization technology consists in combining the operation and reconstruction cycles of municipal solid waste landfills within their land allotment. It allows involving previously unused materials into circulation and obtaining insulating material from “old-year” waste.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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