E3S Web Conf.
Volume 218, 20202020 International Symposium on Energy, Environmental Science and Engineering (ISEESE 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environmental Chemistry and Environmental Pollution Analysis and Control|
|Published online||11 December 2020|
Exploratory Factor Analysis of Institutional Environment: An Evidence from Gender Perspective in China’s Microebusiness
School of Economics and Management, Hefei University, Hefei, 230601, P. R. China
This study proposes regulatory, normative, and cognitive dimensions and empirically investigates how these three dimensions take form in a measure of institutional environment from gender perspective. The study carried out the work within the micro-ebusiness sector in China and collected the data with 689 females and 357 males. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is used to test the dimensionality of institutional environment. It also used Cronbach’s alpha to check the reliability of the intended measure. The findings show that the early scholars’ measurement of the institutional environment in regulatory, normative, and cognitive dimensions still applies to Chinese males in the micro-ebusiness sector. However, the specific items regarding regulatory and normative form distinct factors of what mixed the two dimensions in female group. From the evidence of China, it challenges the widely recognized measurement of institutional environment, which need to be redesigned for females in regulatory and normative dimensions. The study outcomes provide a better understanding of how different the institutional environment was evaluated and functioned to female and male. It can help government departments reconsider and improve institutional environment to promote entrepreneurship from gender perspective. This new perspective would add some insights into the literature of micro-ebusiness and enhance the knowledge of the dimensionality of institutional environment.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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