E3S Web Conf.
Volume 218, 20202020 International Symposium on Energy, Environmental Science and Engineering (ISEESE 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Environmental Climate Change Monitoring and Urban Protection Planning|
|Published online||11 December 2020|
Comparison of remote sensing extraction methods for glacier firn line-considering Urumqi Glacier No.1 as the experimental area
College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, China
2 State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources/Tien Shan Glaciological Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, China
In mid-latitude glaciers, the altitude of the snowline at the end of the ablating season can be used to indicate the equilibrium line, which can be used as an approximation for it. In this paper, Urumqi Glacier No.1 was selected as the experimental area while Landsat TM/ETM+/OLI images were used to analyze and compare the accuracy as well as applicability of the visual interpretation, Normalized Difference Snow Index, single-band threshold and albedo remote sensing inversion methods for the extraction of the firn lines. The results show that the visual interpretation and the albedo remote sensing inversion methods have strong adaptability, alonger with the high accuracy of the extracted firn line while it is followed by the Normalized Difference Snow Index and the single-band threshold methods. In the year with extremely negative mass balance, the altitude deviation of the firn line extracted by different methods is increased. Except for the years with extremely negative mass balance, the altitude of the firn line at the end of the ablating season has a good indication for the altitude of the balance line.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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