E3S Web of Conf.
Volume 222, 2020International Scientific and Practical Conference “Development of the Agro-lndustrial Complex in the Context of Robotization and Digitalization of Production in Russia and Abroad” (DAIC 2020)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Creation and use of Modern Digital, Intelligent, Robotic Systems and Technologies, New Materials and Methods of Construction, Big Data Processing and the Internet of Things in the Agro-Industrial Complex|
|Published online||22 December 2020|
Physical and chemical evaluation of the use of diesel composite fuel based on ricinic oil and bioethanol as fuel for diesel power plant
1 Ural State Agrarian University, Department Technological and transport vehicles of the faculty of engineering technology, 620075 Yekaterinburg, Russia
2 M. Dulatov Kostanay Engineering and Economic University, Department of Energy and Mechanical Engineering, 59 Chernyshevskogo St., 110000, Kostanay, Kazakhstan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The purpose of the article is to evaluate physical and chemical properties of mixtures based on ricinic oil and bioethanol, followed by determining the optimal concentrations of elements and the processing method. The study used methods for calculating the physical and chemical parameters of complex multicomponent mixtures with subsequent experimental verification of the accepted assumptions and hypotheses validity. The results of the study showed that heat treatment of ricinic oil by heating up to 330 °C allows for a chemical reaction of modification of ricinic oil (dehydration and splitting) in order to obtain products suitable for mixing with petroleum, and thanks to additional ultrasound treatment, it is possible to provide a higher degree of dispersion of emulsified products and increase the shelf life. The presented analytical method for evaluating and optimizing the physical and chemical properties of mixtures allows for preliminary optimization of their composition and excluding unsuitable mixtures for further research. Laboratory studies aimed at determining physical and chemical parameters of mixtures confirm the results of theoretical studies and according to the results, mixtures with a content of biological components of no more than 60% are identified, which correspond to the indicators of diesel fuel and are recommended for use.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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