E3S Web of Conf.
Volume 222, 2020International Scientific and Practical Conference “Development of the Agro-lndustrial Complex in the Context of Robotization and Digitalization of Production in Russia and Abroad” (DAIC 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Modern Directions of Highly Productive Environmentally Friendly Agro- and Water Management, Development and Implementation of Systems for the Rational use of Modern Chemical and Biological Protection of Agricultural Plants and Animals, the Use of New Drugs, Growth Agents, Antidepressants, Immunostimulants, Probiotics and Feed Additives|
|Published online||22 December 2020|
The efficiency of control of the number of Helicoverpa armigera Hbn. in sunflower sowings
V.S. Pustovoit All-Russian Research Institute of Oil Crops, 17 Filatova street, 350058 Krasnodar, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The insect Helicoverpa armigera Hbn. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a widespread species in the Palearctic. It is considered one of the main pests of many agricultural crops, annually causing more than $ 2 billion of losses to agriculture in the world. Therefore, insecticide treatment of sowings is crucial in pest control. The frequent application of pesticides increases resistance in insects, resulting in an increase in dosage and (or) in the usage of new highly toxic chemicals. Consequently, the search for reliable means of pest control remains a problem. In 2017-2019, we studied the efficiency of insecticides against H. armigera in sunflower sowings at V.S. Pustovoit All-Russian Research Institute of Oil Crops (Krasnodar). In 2017, the colonization of sunflower heads with H. armigera caterpillars was at the level of 3.2 specimen/plant, in 2018 – 4.5 specimen/plant, in 2019 it reached 6.0 specimen/plant. Bifetrin + Chlorpyrifos, EC (87 %) and Chlorantraniliprole, SC (91 %) showed the highest biological efficiency. Fitoverm-M, EC was the best organic insecticide – 56 %. The treatment of sunflower plants with Beta-cypermethrin + Dimethoate, EC (standard) and Chlorantraniliprole, SC in a production experiment contributed to a significant decrease in the number of caterpillars – 71.7 and 97.0 %, respectively. The yield reliably exceeded the control one, the kept yield was 0.23-0.39 t/ha.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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