E3S Web Conf.
Volume 224, 2020Topical Problems of Agriculture, Civil and Environmental Engineering (TPACEE 2020)
|Number of page(s)||21|
|Section||Agriculture and Bioscience|
|Published online||23 December 2020|
Development of rice pre-breeding resources with blast resistance
Federal Scientific Rice Centre, 3, Belozerny, 350921, Krasnodar, Russia
2 North Caucasian Federal Scientific Center of Horticulture, Viticulture, Wine-making, 40 years of Victory street, 39, 350901, Krasnodar, Russia
3 Liaoning Rice Research Institute, Shenyang, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Within the framework of this study, the first Russian-Chinese joint program for development of rice varieties with long-term blast resistance was launched on the basis of rice germplasm exchange and the subsequent comprehensive study of the obtained breeding samples, hybridization of Russian and Chinese varieties with specified traits. The genetic diversity of the Chinese rice samples obtained by exchange was studied by biological and morphological traits of plants, taxonomic belonging to a botanical variety, elements of the yield structure, and resistance to lodging. 31 hybrid combinations (F1) from the crossing of Russian and Chinese varieties were used to obtain the BC1 generation. The technologies of cultivation of isolated rice anthers in vitro have been optimized in relation to Chinese genotypes in order to accelerate the genetic stabilization of breeding material obtained from crossing. Phenotyping of Russian and Chinese breeding samples was carried out on the basis of resistance to the local population of the blast pathogen (Magnaporthe grisea (T.T. Hebert) M.E. Barr)), on natural and artificial infectious backgrounds. DNA identification of genes for blast resistance was carried out for the same breeding samples. Based on the experimental data obtained, promising samples were selected - prototypes of new rice varieties.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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