E3S Web Conf.
Volume 226, 2021The 1st International Conference on Bioenergy and Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture Technology (ICoN BEAT 2019)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||05 January 2021|
Biomass Enhancement of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni Shoot Culture in Temporary Immersion System (TIS) RITA® Bioreactor Optimized in Two Different Immersion Periods
1 Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, West Java, Indonesia
2 Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, P.O. Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3 Department of Agriculture Science, Postgraduate Program, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Jl. Raya Tlogomas No. 246, Malang, 65145, East Java, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Stevia plant contains steviol glycosides, which are estimated to be 300 times sweeter than sucrose. However, conventional (in vivo) propagation of Stevia rebaudiana in Indonesia was not effective due to poor results. Therefore, an alternative method to propagate stevia plants is needed. One of them is by using in vitro method. Multiplication with a large quantity of stevia biomass in a relatively short period can be conducted by using TIS RITA® (Recipient for Automated Temporary Immersion System). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the immersion period of the medium on growth and the medium bioconversion into the production of shoot biomass. The bioreactors were set up with 15 min and 30 min immersions periods, scheduled every 6 h, and incubated for 21 d. The result indicated that the immersion period affected the biomass and growth rate (µ). Amount of 30 min immersion showed a greater percentage of shoot multiplication, higher biomass, percentage of leaf growth, growth rate, and productivity compared to 15 min immersion. The pattern of sucrose, mineral, and inorganic compounds consumption followed the growth of plant biomass for both systems. In conclusion, 30 min immersion gave a greater efficiency medium bioconversion to plant biomass compared with 15 min immersion.
Key words: Diabetes prevention / micropropagation / natural sweetener / sweetener plant / tissue culture
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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