E3S Web Conf.
Volume 234, 2021The International Conference on Innovation, Modern Applied Science & Environmental Studies (ICIES2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||02 February 2021|
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis cases and risk factors in north central of Morocco, Sefrou province: An impact study
1 Laboratory of biochemistry, neurosciences, natural resources and the environment. Faculty of Sciences and Technologies, BP 577, Hassan First University, Settat, Morocco
2 Laboratory of Agro-physiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality, Department of Biology, University Ibn Tofail, Faculty of Science, BP133, 14000, Kenitra, Morocco
3 Applied Sciences Laboratory, Water and Environmental Engineering Team. National School of Applied Sciences, Al Hoceima. Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Morocco
4 Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques of Fez, Regional Health Directorate Fez-Meknes, EL Ghassani Hospital, 30000 Fez, Morocco
In order to set up a program for fighting against leishmaniasis disease, it was considered useful beforehand to demonstrate Leishmanian risk factors to the CL disease cases. The Province of Sefrou is among the endemic areas. Surveillance of these outbreaks is essential. This work focused on studying the impact risk factors on the distribution of CL cases. This is a retrospective study of CL cases registered during five years (2007-2010). Statistical analysis was based on one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and then the correlation study was carried out (Pearson correlation). A significant linear association was found between the number of CL cases and the population(r=0.56; p=0.005). This means that the correlation is positive. For the urbanization factor, the association was marked moderately correlated with number of CL cases (r = 0.44; p = 0.037).However, poverty does not influence this distribution; for our study area, this factor is not a risk factor.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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