E3S Web Conf.
Volume 328, 2021International Conference on Science and Technology (ICST 2021)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Chemical Engineering, Physical Characteristics, Water Treatment|
|Published online||06 December 2021|
Analysis Of Temperature Effect on Struvite Scales Controlling in A Vertical Reactor
1 Chemical Engineering, Engineering, University of Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jawa Timur, Indonesia
2 Mechanical Engineering, Engineering, University of Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jawa Timur, Indonesia
* Corresponding author : email@example.com
Scale is forming and controlling in industrial applications causes the clogs or decreasing in volume flows in the pipes, so increasing maintenance cost can occur as a consequence. Struvite discovered as Magnesium Ammonium Phosphate Hexahydrate (MgNH4PO4.6H2O) and referred as a scale due to the heating process of fluid through pipes. The aim of this research was investigated the temperature effect on process of scales forming and controlling. The process was used a vertical bulkhead reactor. The process starts from mixing the equimolar solutions of MgCl2, NH4OH, H3PO4 with 1: 1: 1 of ratio concentration. Then, crystallization process was carried out with the condition at the variation of temperature (20-40°C), variation of pH value (pH 8-10) and variation of air inlet rate (0.25; 0.50; 0.75; 1.0; 1.25 L/min) while the feed rate was 25 ml/min. The process continues until the condition becomes steady state. The scale controlling process was determined by the presence of struvite deposits. The deposits were analyzed by using the XRF method to determine composition content. The optimal conditions were obtained at a temperature of 30°C, pH 9, and air rate of 1.25L/min.
Key words: Temperature Effect / Struvite / Vertical Reactor
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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