E3S Web Conf.
Volume 238, 2021100RES 2020 – Applied Energy Symposium (ICAE), 100% RENEWABLE: Strategies, Technologies and Challenges for a Fossil Free Future
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Hydrogen and Fuel Cells|
|Published online||16 February 2021|
Comparison of integrated fuel processing options for biogas-fed solid-oxide fuel cell plants
National Engineering Laboratory of Biomass Power Generation Equipment, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
2 Group of Energy Materials, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Sion 1951, Switzerland
3 School of Engineering, Department of Economics, Engineering, Society and Business Administration, University of Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo Italy
4 Industrial Process and Energy Systems Engineering, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Sion 1951, Switzerland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
† These authors contributed equally to this work
The Solid-oxide fuel cell is a highly efficient prime mover for biogas conversion, but a part of biogas needs to be reformulated externally to facilitate the electrochemical conversion, easy control of reforming conditions, and thermal management of the stack. Carbon deposition and external mineralcarrying water should be avoided to ensure the durability of the fuel processor and stack catalysts. This paper investigates four plant layouts with different anode off-gas recirculation schemes and biogas reforming methods: (1) pre-reforming with hot recirculation (HR), (2) pre-reforming with cold recirculation (CR), (3) no pre-reforming and hot recirculation (NR), (4) partial oxidation with hot recirculation (PO). All the schemes feature an electrolyte supported SOFC working at 860°C and 0.23 A/cm2 current density. A sensitivity analysis of the plant efficiency as a function of the Recirculation Ratio (RR) and the Reformer Temperature (RT) is performed. The results show that HR and CR schemes achieve the highest efficiency (58-63%). The HR scheme benefits from the recirculated water and does not require external water for RR > 50% and RT > 600°C; the CR scheme achieves the same result for RR > 80% and RT > 700°C. The optimal RR is within 50 – 80% for the highest system efficiency, as a trade-off between the overall fuel utilization and electrochemistry performance. The RT should be between 600 and 700°C. The HR scheme is the overall best performing if the re-circulator and stack designs do not limit the flow rates at a high RR.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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