E3S Web Conf.
Volume 241, 20212020 8th International Conference on Environment Pollution and Prevention (ICEPP 2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Wastewater Treatment and Water Pollution Evaluation|
|Published online||10 March 2021|
Evaluation of Groundwater Quality Using Groundwater Quality Index (GWQI) in Sharjah, UAE
University of Sharjah, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 27272 Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
2 University of Sharjah, Research Institute of Sciences and Engineering, 27272 Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
3 La Trobe University, School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, Department of Engineering, Melbourne, 3086 Victoria, Australia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The rapid growth in the world population resulted in an increase of the freshwater needs in many sectors. Groundwater is the most important freshwater source specially for arid and semi-arid regions due to lack of surface water sources and low precipitation rates in those regions. In this study, monthly groundwater quality data were collected from eleven well fields in Sharjah over the period of 2004-2017. Water quality parameters including bicarbonate, calcium, chloride, fluoride, magnesium, sodium and sulphate were selected for the analysis. In the study, water quality index (WQI) process is used to develop groundwater quality index (GWQI) for Sharjah using above mentioned water quality parameters. Mann-Kendall and Spearman’s Rho tests were adopted as non-parametric trend tests for temporal (trend) analysis of GWQI, whereas inverse distance weighting interpolation was used in GWQI spatial trend analysis. Temporal trend analysis results showed significant trends in 8 out of 11 well fields. Spatial analysis showed the highest values for salinity ions in the well fields closest to the northern region, whereas the lowest values were detected in the southern region.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.