E3S Web Conf.
Volume 246, 2021Cold Climate HVAC & Energy 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||29 March 2021|
Assessing the performance and cost-competitiveness of a dual-source solar assisted heat pump in cold climates
CanmetENERGY-Ottawa, 1 Haanel Dr., K1A 1M1, Ottawa, Canada
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In many cold climates, the coincidence of long heating seasons as well as relatively high levels of solar insolation offer an opportunity to explore the potential for solar-assisted air source heat pumps to meet greenhouse gas reduction objectives for space and water heating systems. This paper presents the results of a detailed performance analysis based on 6 months of field test data of a pre-commercial, dual source solar-assisted heat pump. The data gathered during field-testing as well as the functionality of the system were studied extensively to develop and calibrate an hourly energy model. The model replicates the performance and operating modes of the solar-assisted air source heat pump. It allows for an hourly assessment of the energy savings, greenhouse gas reduction potential and cost competitiveness of this system as compared to other high performance HVAC systems in a variety of climate locations and archetype house loads. A parametric analysis is undertaken to assess the impact of key components on system viability. Results indicate that for some regions and archetype house loads, the dual-source solar-assisted heat pump can lead to significant energy savings and GHG emissions reductions when compared to high performing HVAC systems. These savings may enable a favorable payback period when a competitive capital cost is considered. The objective of the study was to identify locations and archetypes in which this solar-assisted heat pump topology may make sense for further development and demonstration.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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