E3S Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021International Conference on Efficient Production and Processing (ICEPP-2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||05 April 2021|
Relationship between agro-ecological resources of vineyards and the anthocyanins complex in berries
All-Russian National Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking “Magarach” of the RAS, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This article is aimed at identifying the relationship between the territories agro-ecological conditions and the anthocyanins complex formation of grapes, which determines the quality and biological value of red wines. Using HPLC, the anthocyanins complex of 'Cabernet Sauvignon' cultivar from 6 industrial vineyards, located in three natural regions of Crimea, was studied. The agro-climatic resources of vineyards were assessed using the methods of geoinformation and mathematical modeling. It was detected that according to parameters of heat and moisture supply vineyards discriminated with Wilks L. = 0.007; α<0.00001. The direct correlation (r = 0.88-0.95) was identified between growing degree days above 10 °C, growing degree days above 20 °C, Winkler index, average growing season temperature and the rate of monoglucosides of malvidin and its derivatives in anthocyanins complex of berries; the inverse correlation – between the same agroecological indexes and the rate of cyanidin, petunidin and their derivatives. The similarity (Ed = 2.79-2.98) of anthocyanins complex of grapes from Villino v., Uglovoe v. and Yalta t. located in the western foothill-coastal and south coast regions was discovered. The highest content of anthocyanins was found in grapes from Privetnoe v. (5487 ± 384 mg kg-1), the smallest - from Solnechnaya Dolina v. (2154 ± 129 mg kg-1) located in the same natural region. The results obtained indicate the need for a "point" assessment of the agro-ecological resources for creation of industrial vineyards.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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