E3S Web Conf.
Volume 254, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental and Applied Research in Biology and Agriculture: Current Issues, Achievements and Innovations” (FARBA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Botanical Gardens, Arboretums - Centers for the Study and Conservation of Biodiversity|
|Published online||05 May 2021|
The current state and biodiversity of steppe phytocenoses in the territory of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
Kabardino-Balkarian State Agrarian University named after V.M. Kokova, 1v, Lenin Ave., Nalchik, 360030, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In connection with the importance of preserving and restoring steppe landscapes, the purpose of the study was to monitor the state and biodiversity of steppe phytocenoses in the territory of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. Geobotanical survey was carried out in the steppe and foothill zones of the republic in 2018-2020. According to the monitoring results, it was found that an increase in pasture digression correlates with a depletion of the floristic composition, a decrease in the projective cover, the height of the herbage and the productivity of aboveground phytomass, an increase in the level of synanthropization and a simplification of the vertical structure. With an increase in anthropogenic influence in plant communities, the level of synanthropization increases to 78.6%. The decrease in the projective cover in 1.5-3.3 is a consequence of the long and irrational use of pastures. As a result of intensive grazing, the productivity of the aboveground phytomass decreases by 9-12 times, and the height of the grass stand - by 2.5-5.0 times compared to the reference steppe phytocenoses. To preserve steppe phytocenoses, a set of measures is needed, including the ecologization of agriculture, the development of measures for the ecological restoration of disturbed steppe ecotopes, the prevention of negative phenomena of invasion, the creation of nurseries of steppe flora and steppe reserves, the inclusion of species that are in danger of complete extinction in the Red Book of the flora of Kabardino-Balkaria.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.