E3S Web Conf.
Volume 254, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental and Applied Research in Biology and Agriculture: Current Issues, Achievements and Innovations” (FARBA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Energy Saving Technologies in the Agro-industrial Complex|
|Published online||05 May 2021|
Optimization of grape cultivation based on resource-saving elements of agricultural technology
Federal State Budget Scientific Institution All-Russian National Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking Magarach of the RAS, Kirova Str., 31, 298600 Yalta, Republic of Crimea, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The research on the development of resource-saving cultivation technologies of new for Crimea clones of wine grape varieties in comparison with traditional cultivation technologies of example varieties was carried out in order to ensure sustainable economic production of raw materials. As a result of the research, the economic efficiency of cultivation of three clones of wine grape varieties in the conditions of the South Coast zone of Crimea was assessed. The effect of varietal agricultural technology elements, aimed at increasing the yield and its quality parameters, profitability of production of raw materials as well as manual labor optimization was also evaluated. The results showed that spiral cordon AZOS-1 on ‘Aleatiko’ clone 802 with 18 eyes load and ‘Muscat Blanc’ clone VCR-3 with 26 eyes load and short pruning of fruit canes; unilateral horizontal cordon on ‘Muscat Blanc’ clone VCR-3 with load of 33 eyes and long pruning of fruit canes; bilateral horizontal cordon on the variety ‘Cabernet-Sauvignon’ clone R-5 with 36 eyes load and short and medium length of grape canes provide high values of embryonic productivity, shoot-forming capacity, high yield and base wines of high quality. The efficiency of developed elements of the technology of clones of wine grape varieties ranged from 95.5 to 181.7%. Using of AZOS-1 training and short pruning allows to reduce the cost of bush management, the effective time is 1.44 less.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.