E3S Web Conf.
Volume 258, 2021Ural Environmental Science Forum “Sustainable Development of Industrial Region” (UESF-2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Environmental Policy and Law|
|Published online||20 May 2021|
Theological principles of communicative (Takfiri) thought
Allameh Tabataba’i University, Dehkade-ye Olympik, West Hemmat Highway, Tehran, 1489684511, Iran
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Looking at the calamities that have inflicted on the Islamic society by its atheistic currents, it is indispensable to confront and fight against it radically. Getting acquainted with the principles of the criticism of the aforementioned currents is of great importance. Among the contemporary seditions that have led to the separation of the Muslim ummah is the excommunication (Takfir) of Muslims by each other in which one religion is accused of blasphemy by another school and they have to hear the most severe and most vulgar words and ultimately due to an imaginary crime of blasphemy and shirk, they will be slaughtered by the claimant. However, the process of excommunication, as it should be, does not emphasize on the debate and assumes that the insistence on excommunication and sins of other religions is to revive the tradition and to destroy heresy (Bid’ah); therefore it is necessary for Islamic researchers who consider fairness in their scientific discussions to understand the basics of the excommunicative movement to defend the legitimacy of Islam and Shi'ism and also protect them from falling into the trap of fallacies. Accordingly, the present article seeks to clarify the principles of excommunicative thought criticism in terms of Quranic verses, Hadith, Sirah Mutawatir (successive conducts) and rational arguments. Determining the position of conflict on matters such as intercession and resort (Tawassul) to prophets and imams while addressing issues such as the attribution of shirk to Shia, non-adherence to the well-known sirah of Salaf of blessing and visiting the tombs, and the need to pay attention to good heresy (Bid’ah) in the form of a superior controversy are considered the principles of excommunicative (Takfiri) thought criticism.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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