E3S Web Conf.
Volume 262, 20211st International Scientific and Practical Conference “lnnovative Technologies in Environmental Engineering and Agroecosystems” (ITEEA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Basic and Applied Research in Zooengineering and Veterinary Medicine|
|Published online||24 May 2021|
Determining the degree of kinship of sarlik yaks bred in the mountainous regions of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic by blood groups
1 Federal State Budgetary Research Institution “Federal Research Center “Kabardino-Balkarian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences”, Balkarova Str., 2, 360002 Nalchik, Russia
2 Institute of Agriculture - branch of the Kabardino-Balkarian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kirova Str., 224, 360004 Nalchik, Russia
1,2 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “H.M. Berbekov Kabardino-Balkarian State University”, Chernyshevsky Str., 173, 360004 Nalchik, Russia
The formation of immunogenetics as a science was the result of numerous studies on the study of blood groups and other polymorphic systems, the results of which are successfully applied both in animal husbandry and in animal breeding. Modern biotechnological methods used to analyze blood groups enable us to determine the true origin of animals. To determine the correctness of the breeding processes occurring in the breed, the antigenic composition of blood groups, which are also used to study the reliability of origin, needs to be studied. The results obtained make it possible to analyze genetic similarity, determine the level of polymorphism and the nature of structural changes in the result of breeding work. Also, by analyzing the distribution of the frequency of occurrence of antigens, it is possible to determine the genetic distances and genetic similarity of breeds and lines among themselves .
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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